Asia: Hydro Development in the Amur-Heilong River Basin

Case Presenter: Eugene Simonov, Coordinator, Rivers without Boundaries International Coalition
The transboundary Amur-Heilong River is the last remaining great free-flowing river in China without dams in the main stem. Today, as a result of uncoordinated use of the river’s resources the productivity and resilience of the Amur-Heilong ecosystem is gradually declining.  While damming the main stem of the Amur River would have hydropower benefits, it would destroy remaining fisheries, including salmon and the endemic Kaluga sturgeon, and would have many other negative consequences on sediment transport, aquatic and floodplain habitat, fisheries and wetland birds, water quality, and nutrient transport into the Pacific Ocean. This case study summarizes history of Sino-Russian cooperation in hydropower development with specific emphasis on interaction among NGOs, investors, and government agencies from China.


  1. 30-minute presentation: 1) introduction of case study; 2) defining the issue; 3) identifying stakeholders
  2. 30-minute group work: 1) How do you realize your own interest?; 2) How do you accommodate others’ interests?
  3. 30-minute group presentation: 1) group representing Chinese stakeholder 2) other groups respond to their presentation